AUERBACH, LEOPOLD


AUERBACH, LEOPOLD
AUERBACH, LEOPOLD (1828–1897), German physician and biologist; one of the pioneers of modern embryology. Auerbach was born in Breslau and studied there and at Leipzig and Berlin. From 1863 until his death he held teaching posts at Breslau University, being appointed assistant professor of biology and histology in 1877, but because he was Jewish never becoming a full professor. Auerbach pursued research in almost every field of botany and biology, but his major achievements lay in the investigation of cell division and embryonic development in animals. In his Organologische Studien (1874) he provided a basis for the new science of cellular biology. He was ahead of his time in concluding that differences in the cells of the embryo are the result of differences in the various parts of the organism to which they belong. He was also among the first to realize that during cell division the nucleus does not disintegrate, but merely changes its form and structure. The lymphatics in the intestinal walls are named after him. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: B. Kisch, Forgotten Leaders in Modern Medicine (1954). (Joshua O. Leibowitz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • AUERBACH Leopold — (1828 1897) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/a/au.htm#auerbach]: anatomista alemán conocido por el plexo y el ganglio que llevan su nombre Biografía [véase http://www.iqb.es/historiamedicina/personas/auerbach.htm] Véase también: plexo de …   Diccionario médico

  • Leopold Auerbach — (* 28. April 1828 in Breslau in Preußen (heute in Polen); † 30. September 1897 ebenda) war ein deutscher Anatom und Pathologe. Leben Auerbach studierte Medizin in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auerbach-Plexus — Plexus myentericus eines Hasen Der Plexus myentericus (oder Auerbach Plexus nach Leopold Auerbach) ist ein Teil des Enterischen Nervensystems (intramurales Nervensystem), welches wiederum zum Vegetativen Nervensystem gehört. Es handelt sich um… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auerbach — steht für: Auerbach (Familienname), der Familienname Auerbach Auerbach ist ein Ortsname in Deutschland: Auerbach in der Oberpfalz, Stadt im Landkreis Amberg Sulzbach, Bayern Auerbach/Vogtl., Stadt im Vogtlandkreis, Sachsen Auerbach (Erzgebirge),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Auerbach — was originally a German language generic toponym coming from + , meaning floodmeadow brook , that is, a brook running through a flood meadow . The name is used for many places and people.The slavicized version of the name Auerbach is Авербах… …   Wikipedia

  • Auerbach (Familienname) — Auerbach ist ein deutscher Familienname Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Leopold Auerbach — (April 27, 1828 – September 30, 1897) was a German anatomist and neuropathologist who practiced medicine in Breslau.His name is associated with the discovery of Plexus myentericus Auerbachi , or Auerbach s plexus, a layer of ganglion cells which… …   Wikipedia

  • Leopold Kompert — (May 15 1822 November 23, 1886) was a Bohemian Jewish writer. He was born in Mnichovo Hradiště (Münchengrätz), Bohemia, and died in Vienna.He studied at the universities of Prague and Vienna, and was for several years tutor in the house of Count… …   Wikipedia

  • Auerbach — Leopold, German anatomist, 1828–1897. See A. ganglia, under ganglion, A. plexus …   Medical dictionary

  • Auerbach's plexus — Nerve: Auerbach s plexus The myenteric plexus from the rabbit. X 50. LAYERS: serosa longitudinal muscle myenteric plexus circular muscle submu …   Wikipedia


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